Overbite and overjet are two types of malocclusion. People often confuse them to be the same, but they are uniquely different.
If your upper jaw is resting at an outward angle, you have overjet teeth. Because of being on an outer rise, your upper teeth extend in front of your lower jaw. You might not be able to close your mouth in this condition entirely. This condition affects your day-to-day routine, like speaking and chewing.
In an overbite, your upper teeth overlap your lower teeth by more than 3 mm. As a result, your teeth make a constant impact on each other. Thus, you may face tooth decay and jaw pain along with overbite teeth.
Let’s understand the difference between overjet and overbite, their repercussions, causes, and treatment.
Overjet Vs. Overbite
The difference between overjet teeth and overbite teeth is the angle of upper teeth and jaw. In an overbite, the angle of misalignment is vertical, whereas, in an overjet, it is horizontal. In an overbite, upper teeth point downwards. The overjet makes your upper teeth protrude diagonally against the lower teeth.
Repercussions of Untreated Overbite & Overjet
It is not only a cosmetic need to treat overbite and overjet. An untreated abnormal bite leads to many oral and overall health problems. Some of the possible health issues due to bad bite are as follows:-
Damaged & Fractured Teeth
An abnormal bite makes your teeth hit each other often. This constant rubbing and grinding result in enamel damage and tooth fracture. You can even lose a tooth.
Pain in the Jaw
A misaligned jaw gets overstressed while functioning and even resting. Thus you can feel acute pain in your jaw. And your jaw is attached to other parts of your face as well. As a result, you can experience pain in the ears, eyes, and TMJ.
In grave cases of a misaligned bite, the lower front teeth poke the gums in the back of the upper teeth. This results in wear and tear of your gums and ailments like wiggly loose teeth, gum recession, gingivitis, etc.
People who have overjet tend to develop sleep apnea. You don’t get sufficient airflow in a misaligned bite. It is also called obstructive sleep apnea. There are many adverse effects of insufficient sleep on your body.
Trouble in Speaking & Biting
It is difficult to chew and speak correctly with overjet teeth and overbite teeth. Therefore, it might get challenging to pronounce certain words. One of the reasons being that you use your tongue, teeth, and lips all at the same time to speak.
Causes of Overjet Teeth
The most common cause of an overjet is inheritance. If anyone in your family has a history of abnormal jaw development, you or your kid might also get it. Overjet teeth can also be a result of excessive thumb sucking and bottle feeding.
Causes of Overbite
The same factors that lead to overjet can also cause overbite teeth. Childhood bad habits and tongue thrusting is mostly found in patients with an overbite. Your jaw and teeth develop in an abnormal shape as you grow in age with this condition.
Treatment for Overjet & Overbite Teeth
Treatment for overjet teeth is more complicated than overbite teeth. But it is not impossible. Your orthodontist will tell you the right treatment after the diagnosis of your bite. It will be advisable to start taking the treatment in early childhood. It gets more complicated and expensive for adults. Some well-known treatment options for overbite and overjet are dental braces, Invisalign, bonding, veneers, and crowns.
Don’t let the overjet and overbite steel the joy of a beautiful smile from you. These misaligned bites can be cured entirely with the correct diagnosis and treatment. We offer top-quality and cost-effective orthodontics care in our clinics in Rome, NY. Schedule an appointment now!