Overjet Vs. Overbite: Causes, Effects & Treatments

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Overbite and overjet are two types of malocclusion. People often confuse them to be the same, but they are uniquely different.

What is an Overjet?

If your upper jaw is resting at an outward angle, you have overjet teeth. Because of being on an outer rise, your upper teeth extend in front of your lower jaw. You might not be able to close your mouth in this condition entirely. This condition affects your day-to-day routine, like speaking and chewing.

What is an Overbite?

In an overbite, your upper teeth overlap your lower teeth by more than 3 mm. As a result, your teeth make a constant impact on each other. Thus, you may face tooth decay and jaw pain along with overbite teeth.

Let’s understand the difference between overjet and overbite, their repercussions, causes, and treatment.

What is the Difference Between Overjet Vs. Overbite?

The difference between overjet teeth and overbite teeth is the angle of upper teeth and jaw. In an overbite, the angle of misalignment is vertical, whereas, in an overjet, it is horizontal. In an overbite, upper teeth point downwards. The overjet makes your upper teeth protrude diagonally against the lower teeth.

Repercussions of Untreated Overbite & Overjet

It is not only a cosmetic need to treat overbite and overjet. An untreated abnormal bite leads to many oral and overall health problems. Some of the possible health issues due to bad bite are as follows:-

  • Damaged & Fractured Teeth

    An abnormal bite makes your teeth hit each other often. This constant rubbing and grinding result in enamel damage and tooth fracture. You can even lose a tooth.

  • Pain in the Jaw

    A misaligned jaw gets overstressed while functioning and even resting. Thus you can feel acute pain in your jaw. And your jaw is attached to other parts of your face as well. As a result, you can experience pain in the ears, eyes, and TMJ.

  • Gum Damage

    In grave cases of a misaligned bite, the lower front teeth poke the gums in the back of the upper teeth. This results in wear and tear of your gums and ailments like wiggly loose teeth, gum recession, gingivitis, etc.

  • Sleep Apnea

    People who have overjet tend to develop sleep apnea. You don’t get sufficient airflow in a misaligned bite. It is also called obstructive sleep apnea. There are many adverse effects of insufficient sleep on your body.

  • Trouble in Speaking & Biting

    It is difficult to chew and speak correctly with overjet teeth and overbite teeth. Therefore, it might get challenging to pronounce certain words. One of the reasons being that you use your tongue, teeth, and lips all at the same time to speak.

What Causes an Overjet Teeth?

The most common cause of an overjet is inheritance. If anyone in your family has a history of abnormal jaw development, you or your kid might also get it. Overjet teeth can also be a result of excessive thumb sucking and bottle feeding.

What Causes an of Overbite?

The same factors that lead to overjet can also cause overbite teeth. Childhood bad habits and tongue thrusting is mostly found in patients with an overbite. Your jaw and teeth develop in an abnormal shape as you grow in age with this condition.

Treatment for Overjet & Overbite Teeth

Treatment for overjet teeth is more complicated than overbite teeth. But it is not impossible. Your orthodontist will tell you the right treatment after the diagnosis of your bite. It will be advisable to start taking the treatment in early childhood. It gets more complicated and expensive for adults. Some well-known treatment options for overbite and overjet are:

  • Dental braces
  • Invisalign
  • Bonding
  • Veneers
  • Crowns

Wrapping Up!

Don’t let the overjet and overbite steel the joy of a beautiful smile from you. These misaligned bites can be cured entirely with the correct diagnosis and treatment. We offer top-quality and cost-effective orthodontics care in our clinics in Rome, New York. Schedule an appointment now!

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Dr. Satish Pai, M.D.S

Dr. Satish Pai is an orthodontist and Ivy League trained dentist who has served as a faculty at Columbia University. He believes a perfect smile not only makes a person look great but feel great. As the founder of Putnam Orthodontics and a Partner at Brite Orthodontics, he is dedicated to providing the best orthodontic treatments to his patients. He also writes to educate people about everything orthodontics and the importance of correctly aligned teeth along with good oral health. In his free time, you can find him golfing, doing yoga or surfing, and spending time with his family.

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